The condition of obesity involves being much too heavy for one's height, so that one's health is adversely impacted. In other words, obesity refers to being obese. Asians with a BMI of 23 or higher are at a higher risk of health concerns and need to take quick step.
Obesity is frequently the result of a confluence of causes and contributing factors, such as:
Family inheritance and influences
The genes you received from your parents may influence the quantity and distribution of body fat you accumulate. Your body's having ability to turn food into energy, control your appetite, and burn calories as you exercise are all those factors that genetics may affect.
Obesity tends to run in families. This isn't just because they share genes. Family members usually follow similar food and activity daily routines.
- Unhealthy diet- A diet that are very high calorie contents, low in fruits and vegetables, high in fast food, laden with high-calorie beverages with enormous portions promotes lots of weight gain.
- Liquid calories- People can consume a lot of calories without feeling full, especially alcoholic calories. Other high-calorie beverages, such as sugared soft drinks, can also contribute to weight gain.
- Inactivity. So if you have a idle lifestyle, you can easily take in more calories every day than you burn through exercise as daily routine activities. Staring continuously to computer, tablet, and phone screens are examples of idle activities. Time spent in front of a screen is highly associated with weight gain.
Certain diseases and medications
Obesity has been related in some people to medical disorders such as Prader-Willi syndrome, Cushing syndrome, and others. Medical issues, such as arthritis, can also cause a decrease in exercise, which can lead to weight gain.
Some drugs can cause weight gain if you do not adjust with diet or exercise that include seizure, diabetic, antidepressants and antipsychotic medications along with steroids and beta blockers (that slow down certain types of cell activity).
Social and economic issues
Social and economic factors are linked to obesity. Obesity is tough to avoid if you don't have safe places to walk or exercise. Similarly, you could not have been taught good cooking techniques, or you might not have access to better ingredients. Furthermore, the individuals you spend time with may influence your weight - you are more likely to develop obesity if you have obese friends or family.
Obesity can strike at any age, including children. However, hormonal changes and a less active lifestyle raise your risk of obesity as you get older. Furthermore, the amount of muscle in your body tends to decline with age. Lower muscle mass generally leads to a decrease in metabolism. These modifications also reduce calorie requirements, making it more difficult to lose excess weight. You will likely acquire weight as you age if you do not carefully limit what you eat and become more physically active.
- Pregnancy- Weight gain is common during pregnancy. Some women find it difficult to remove this weight once the baby is born. This weight increase in women may lead to the development of obesity.
- Quitting smoking- Weight gain is frequently related with quitting smoking. And in some people, it can result in enough weight gain to be classified as obesity. This frequently occurs when people use food to cope with smoking withdrawal. However, in the long run, stopping smoking is a better option for your health than continuing to smoke. Your doctor can assist you in avoiding weight gain after stopping smoking.
- Lack of sleep- Inadequate or excessive sleep might result in hormonal changes that enhance appetite. You may also seek high-calorie and high-carbohydrate foods, which can contribute to weight gain.
- Stress- Obesity may be influenced by a variety of environmental factors that affect mood and well-being. When people are stressed, they tend to crave more high-calorie foods.
- Microbiome- What you consume affects your gut bacteria, which may lead to weight gain or difficulties in losing weight.
- Sweating more than usual.
- Snoring and having trouble in sleeping.
- Shortness of breath.
- Skin problems.
- Stretch marks.
- Difficulty walking.
- Inability to tunderake simple physical tasks.
- Psychological issues such as negative self-esteem, depression, shame and social isolation.
- Physical examination and evaluation includes:
- Taking health history.
- A general physical exam.
- Calculating the BMI.
- Checking for other health problems.
Obesity can contribute too many serious health disorders. Related co-morbidities:
- High blood pressure (hypertension)
- High cholesterol levels
- Type 2 diabetes.
- Some types of cancer.
- Kidney disease
- Gall bladder disease
- Sleep apnea
- Hiatal Hernia
- Dietary changes, making healthcare choices, meal replacements.
- Exercise, physical activity, Yoga
- A behavior modification program can help you make lifestyle changes and lose weight
- Biomedical intervention