Cardiovascular diseases are the leading cause of death worldwide except Africa.Together CVD resulted in
17.9 million deaths (32.1%) in 2015, up from 12.3 million (25.8%) in 1990.
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a class of diseases that involve the heart or blood vessels. CVD includes coronary artery diseases (CAD) such as angina and myocardial infarction (commonly known as a heart attack). Other CVDs include stroke, heart failure, hypertensive heart disease, rheumatic heart disease, cardiomyopathy, abnormal heart rhythms, congenital heart disease, valvular heart disease, carditis, aortic aneurysms, peripheral artery disease, thromboembolic disease and venous thrombosis Pulmonary diseases may be caused by infection, by smoking tobacco, or by breathing in second hand tobacco smoke, radon, asbestos, or other forms of air pollution. Pulmonary diseases include asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), pulmonary fibrosis, pneumonia, and lung cancer. Also called lung disorder and respiratory disease. A type of disease that affects the lungs and other parts of the respiratory system.