Dysarthria is a speech problem in which the person can understand everything but may have wrong pronunciation, changes in voice (higher or lower pitched), flat speech, slurred speech etc. after an event of brain stroke or accident. Dysarthria is a condition in which the muscles you use for speech and voice (i.e. the muscles of lips, tongue, vocal cords, and diaphragm) become weak or paralyzed.
- Unclear speech, Imprecise consonants, Inability to speak louder, Slow or rapid rate of speech, Short phrases
- Harsh/ hoarse/ breathy voice, Hypernasality, Abnormal rhythm of speech, Monotonous loudness/ pitch, Uneven volume of speech
- Tremor/ tics/ jerky movements
- Reduced stress
Dysarthria is most often caused by stroke or any type of brain damage. This includes:
- A brain stroke, brain tumour, cerebral palsy, lupus, multiple sclerosis, or brain damage./li>
- If the patient's lips, jaw, tongue, soft palate, or laryngeal muscles are weak or paralysed.
- If he faces any kind of difficulty in eating and swallowing because of the impaired speech muscles.
- If their voice changes following their neurological issue.
- If he is unable to properly generate noises.
- If the patient is found to have Parkinson's disease, tics, myoclonus, cerebral palsy, chorea, and related speech problems.
- An evaluation of the cranial nerves will reveal if lower or higher motor neurons are involved.
Other tests you may need include:
- MRI or CT scans of the neck and brain.
- Evaluation of your ability to swallow.
- Electromyography to check your muscles' and nerves' electrical performance.
- Blood tests (to look for signs of infection or inflammation).
Treatment of Dysarthria
The kind and severity of the dysarthria determine the course of therapy. The most crucial professional is a speech-language pathologist. He or she is in charge of the group of professionals.
Margdarsi is one of the best institutes for dysarthria rehabilitation as:
- For the intervention process, we are equipped with all the latest technology and speech therapy techniques.
- You will be assisted by highly trained and experienced specialists as you go through the rehabilitation procedure.
- Physiotherapists offer physiotherapy, which enhances muscular tone, and psychologists are available to offer psychological counselling.
- Personal attention with one to one therapeutic approach.